A Historical Study of Gupta Architecture

  • Dr. Nagulkar Kailash Ramkrushna


The history of Indian tradition of architecture development journey is very ancient. The art stream of this country is a witness to its flowing nature in the era of copper culture from the era of civilization to historical culture. Archaeological evidence of architectural ideas received in Vedic period literature is still inaccessible, but architecture, sculpture, painting, clay metal, music and ornamentation, jewelery during the reign of Shishunag, Nanda, Maurya, Shug, Satavahana, Kushan Gupta etc. in the same tradition. The multi-faceted development of the arts is visible, which is very wide and vast. The Gupta period was the great era of Buddhist consciousness. In Indian history, Gupta period is known as Swarnayuga. This period is considered as the beginning of the fourth century AD to the end of the sixth century. During this long period of nearly three hundred years, special progress was made in the field of Indian architecture, sculpture, painting, literature, music. Which is confirmed by age-old literary works and works. Construction of temples, stupas, monasteries, statues, etc. in the Gupta era is visible in different regions of the country. It is worth mentioning that the Gupta artists revealed the various aspects of folk life in their art, along with the growth of beauty and joy in the people, besides emphasizing that art works and architecture should be helpful in character building.

Keywords: Gupta period, Architecture, Arts architectural, Temple art, Stupa and vihara, guha architecture, City architecture, Durg architecture, Rajprasad architecture, Udayan architecture, Pillar architecture.